How does your body change during the second trimester of pregnancy?

The second-trimester pregnancy, which can be considered the easiest 3 months of your pregnancy, starts from week 13 to week 28 – include months four, five, and six. 

Your fetus is not a foreign body anymore, and it is now well adapted and adjusted as a body part now; hence your first trimester signs and symptoms lessened or almost diminished in these months of conception.

Second trimester of pregnancy care

Physical signs during the second trimester are:

Second trimester Baby bump

Besides feeling and looking more pregnant during these weeks, you may also have more energy than you did in the first trimester.

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It’s the middle phase of pregnancy, when you may start to see your “baby bump” and feel your baby movement called “quickening” for the first time in the 4th or 5th month.

Take the time now, while you’re feeling better and your energy is up, to start planning for your baby’s arrival.

 

Growing belly and breasts: Uterus widens to make cottage for the baby, your tummy grows. Your breasts will also gradually continue to increase in size. A supportive bra must be recommended at this time.

  • Braxton Hicks contractions: Mild, irregular contractions as a slight tightness in your abdomen can be felt off and on. It usually happens in the afternoon or dusk, after physical activity or after coitus.
  • Contact your health care provider if the contractions become regular and steadily increase in strength.

 

  •  Skin changes: Due to changes in Hormones during pregnancy (melanin), pigment-bearing cells in your skin get stimulated. As a result, brown patches on your face (melasma) can occur. Other skin changes are a dark line down your abdomen (linea nigra), reddish-brown, black, silver, or purple lines along your abdomen, breasts, buttocks, or thighs (stretch marks). Although stretch marks can’t be prevented, most eventually fade in intensity.

These skin changes are common and usually fade after delivery. Sun exposure, however, can aggravate the issue. When you’re outdoors, use sunscreen.

 

  • Nasal problems. During pregnancy, due to an increase in hormone levels, your body makes more blood, which may result in stuffiness and nosebleeds from the mucus membrane of the nose.
Second trimester nose bleed

How to treat second trimester of pregnancy nose bleed?

To get relief use:

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  • Saline drops or saline rinse to relieve congestion.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  •  Use a humidifier, and dab petroleum jelly around the edges of your nostrils to help in moisten skin.
Second trimester dental issue
  • Dental issues. Minor bleeding in gums while flossing and nursing are not uncommon in these periods. Rinsing with saltwater and switching to a softer toothbrush can decrease irritation.

 

  • Dizziness. Pregnancy causes changes in circulation so if you are having trouble with dizziness, drink plenty of fluids, avoid standing for long periods, and move slowly when you stand up or change position. When you feel dizzy, lie down on your side.

 

  • Leg cramps. This is very common as pregnancy progresses, often affecting at night. To avoid them, stretch your calf muscles before bed, stay physically involved, and drink plenty of fluids. Choose comfortable shoes with support and utility in mind. During leg cramps, a hot shower, a warm bath, or ice massage also might help.

 

  • Vaginal discharge. The sticky, clear, or white vaginal discharge might be noticed. This is normal. Contact your health care provider if the discharge comes to be strong-smelling, different in color, or if it is accompanied by pain, soreness, or itching in your below area. This could indicate a vaginal infection.

 

  • Urinary tract infections. These infections are common during pregnancy. Contact your health care provider if you have a strong urge to urinate that can not be delayed, sharp pain when you urinate, urine that is cloudy or has a strong smell or you have a fever or backache. Left untreated, urinary tract infections can become severe and result in a kidney infection.

 

  • Puffiness over ankles, foot area due to water retention.
  • Aching back, pelvis, and hips.
  • Heartburn/Acidity.
Bruises in second trimester

Changes in Emotion

Being worried about labor, delivery, or impending parenthood is common. To ease your anxiety, learn as much as you can. Focus on making healthy lifestyle choices that will give your baby the best start.

Prepare for prenatal care

You need to Check for childbirth classes, find a doctor for your baby, read about breastfeeding. If you are a working woman, get familiar with your employer’s maternity leave policy and inquire about childcare options.

Look for fetus health during second trimester of pregnancy

Your prenatal appointments will focus on your baby’s growth and detecting any health problems, Your health care provider will begin by checking your weight and blood pressure, fetal heart sounds, ultrasound, and other screening tests.

Advice for second trimester of pregnancy

The second trimester of pregnancy is often the most enjoyable and energetic. Although you may feel more relaxed these days, you need to have cared for and be alert at the same time.

We would love to hear your experience about second trimester of pregnancy care. In case, you have any questions, just hit the comment box and we will take care to answer you. Happy Pregnancy!

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